The very beginnings of weather observations on the territory of the present Croatia can be traced back to ancient times.Croatian author of the oldest meteorological discussion is Herman Dalmatin, of the origin of Middle Istria (cca 1110 to cca 1143).

Beginnings of meteorological instrumental measurements in Croatia sporadically occur some twenty years before Galilei designed thermometer with liquid in 1611.

They begun by the physician Santorio Santorio (1561-1636), native of Koper, who between 15 stayed at estates of princes Frankopan on the Gulf of Quarnero.

On je prvi konstruirao ureaj za mjerenje brzine vjetra.

With the appearance of meteorological instruments and the development of meteorology as a science, meteorological observations started gaining the importance.

Chapter Three describes the way in which the data obtained by meteorological observations are used in different fields of meteorology: climatology, weather forecast, marine, aeronautical and se u prvom poglavlju. GODINE ........................................................................ 19 1.3 Founding and development of the meteorological station network ................................. U prvom redu to su podaci o osobito hladnim zimama Visual obsevation and weather monitoring with no use of instruments were performed sporadically and periodically across the world.

U drugom je poglavlju obuhvaÊeno razdoblje 1947.-2012., ukljuËujuÊi i program Svjetsko meteoroloπko bdijenje (World Weather Watch-WWW). In Croatia notes on weather are older than two milleniums.

This publication will deal in more details with the development of the observation meteorological system in Croatia from the early sporadic observations till today. Meteoroloπke biljeπke, opaæanja i prva saznanja ................................................................. svjetskog rata (1851.-1914.) ....................................... 19 1.3.1 Period from the middle of 19th century to World War I (1851-1914) ................................... Nakon dolaska Hrvata u svoju postojbinu zapisi o vremenu javljaju se od 9.

The very beginnings are discussed in Chapter One, whereas Chapter Two deals with the period from 1947-2012, including the World Weather Watch programme. HISTORICAL REVIEW UP TO 1947 ....................................................................................... 11 1.1 Meteorological notes, observations and first knowledges ................................................ PoËeci sporadiËnih mjerenja ................................................................................................... 17 1.2 Beginnings of sporadic observations ................................................................................... Osnutak i razvoj mreæe meteoroloπkih postaja .................................................................... stoljeÊa nadalje (Penzar, Penzar, 1997.; Penzar et al, 2001.).

In 1994, Croatia joined the RC LACE (Regional Centre Limited Area Modelling for Central Europe), in 1995 it became an associate member of ECMWF (European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts) and, in 2002, an associate member of EUMETSAT (European Agency for Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) and full member in 2007. Pomorska meteorologija .......................................................................................................... 138 3.1.3 Marine meteorology .............................................................................................................. Naπe autore uglavnom moæemo kronoloπki podijeliti u tri skupine i to: 1. one koji su tu struku kao pioniri poËeli graditi i razvijati u nas tijekom 19. one koji su razvijali meteorologiju kao egzaktnu znanost.

Croatia, since 2007, is a number of EUMETNET-a (European Meteorological Network) and ECOMET-a (The Economic Interest Grouping of the National Meteorological Services of the European Economic Area). METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS BETWEEN 1947 TO 2012 ....................................... In situ meteoroloπka motrenja ................................................................................................ 49 2.1 Meteorological observations in situ ..................................................................................... Svjetsko meteoroloπko bdijenje ............................................................................................... 92 2.3 World Weather Watch ............................................................................................................ 91 Draæen GlasnoviÊ, Branka IvanËan-Picek, Vladimir MaloviÊ, Kreπo PandæiÊ 3. THE USE OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATION DATA ................................................... Meteorologija ........................................................................................................................... 97 3.1 Meteorology ............................................................................................................................ 97 Alica BajiÊ, Ksenija CindriÊ Kalin, Lidija Cvitan, Marjana GajiÊ-»apka, Draæen GlasnoviÊ, Milan HodæiÊ, Branka IvanËan-Picek, Dijana KlariÊ, Blaæenka MatjaËiÊ, Janja MilkoviÊ, Kreπo PandæiÊ, Mirta PatarËiÊ, Melita PerËec TadiÊ, Ruæica PopoviÊ, Alen Sajko, Renata Sokol-JurkoviÊ, Katarina StankoviÊ, Nataπa Strelec-MahoviÊ, Vlasta Tutiπ, Sonja VidiË, Marko VuËetiÊ, Viπnjica VuËetiÊ, Ksenija ZaninoviÊ, Drago Æaja 3.1.1. Vremenska prognoza ............................................................................................................... 115 3.1.2 Weather forecasting .............................................................................................................. Meteorological observations unite two kinds of data - visual observations of weather phenomena such as clouds, wind, precipitation, atmospheric optical and acoustic phenomena, storms, etc.

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