It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999.

Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7 (formerly G8), the G20, and the OECD.

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After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic.

The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, World War II and the Holocaust.

During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.

After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815.

From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south, east and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well as Iranian, Baltic, and Slavic tribes in Central and Eastern Europe.

Under Augustus, Rome began to invade Germania (an area extending roughly from the Rhine to the Ural Mountains).

is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.

It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate.

The German term Deutschland, originally diutisciu land ("the German lands") is derived from deutsch (cf.

dutch), descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" (i.e.

After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded: the democratic West Germany and the socialist East Germany.